SLAVE BRACELET MONEY
The Manilla, also called "slave bracelet money" was used extensively on the "slave coast" of West Africa, which included parts of modern Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria. Most were manufactured in Europe and traded into Africa. Their value fluctuated from time to time and place to place. They are typically made of a copper or a copper and lead alloy. In the 15th and 16th century male slaves went for 2 to 10 Manillas each. By the time the Manilla was demonetized in Nigeria in 1947 it was worth only 3 pence. The British manufactured Manilla has a large flan, and is about 2.5 inches (6 cm) across.