Sarawak was a privately owned nation ruled by the Brooke family. The Sultan of Brunei awarded it to the English adventurer James Brooke in 1841 for his help in putting down a rebellion. When he died in 1868 his nephew, Charles Brooke, became the next "White Rajah". The state was gradually enlarged through purchase and annexation.  Charles Vynar Brooke succeeded his father as Rajah in 1917. Due to the heavy destruction suffered during World War II, Charles Vynar Booke ceded the country to Great Britain in 1946. It is now part of Malaysia.

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